What is natural colour of the skin?
Your skin color is determined by pigments called melanin that are produced by specialized cells (melanocytes) of the skin. There are more than 150 genes that affect skin color either directly or indirectly. So there is really nothing much you can do about the natural color of your skin.
What Causes Skin Pigmentation Disorders?
Sometimes, the melanin production goes awry; either too little or too much melanin is produced causing skin pigmentation disorders. These conditions make the skin appear lighter or darker than normal, or blotchy and discoloured. Too much melanin causes hyperpigmentation and too little melanin results in hypopigmentation.
The root cause is generally attributed to internal factors such as hormones, endothelial cells, or biological conditions such as pregnancy. External factors such as ultraviolet radiation, burning, or contact with certain chemicals may sometimes cause pigmentation disorders. Stress and dietary imbalances, the precursors of many disorders, are also known to cause skin pigmentation disorders.
What happens is, melanin is formed by a series of oxidative reactions that involve the amino acid tyrosine in the presence of the enzyme tyrosinase. So, inhibiting / regulating the action of tyrosinase can halt / alter melanin production.
Types of pigmentation: superficial and deep. Superficial pigmentation is confined to epidermis only it is easy to treat with creams and peel treatments. In case of deep dermal pigmentation we need to take the help of mesothrapy, electroporation and IPL and lasers. Outcome of deep dermal pigmentation is highly unpredectible.
Treatment plan for pigmentation:
Treating doctor will take the complete consultation to find out the possible reasons for pigmentation, will do investigations to understand the pigmentation better. We need to treat the cause of the pigmentation if any, then we treat it with sunscreen, depigmeting creams, vitamin supplements and series of pigment reducing chemical peels.